Significance of Public Health for the Health Sector of Pakistan

Pakistan, as                          we all know is a developing country and we are currently going through lots of challenges and issues. These issues vary from terrorism, energy crisis and poverty to poorly developed education and health systems.

Health, which is the basic human right, has unfortunately not been our priority. This statement is supported by the fact that according to the World Health  2013 statistics, the health system of our country is currently ranked as 122 out of 190 countries. This is a very alarming figure especially considering the fact that one of our  countries Iran is ranked as 93 in the same list. This particular figure definitely draws our attention towards issues in the health sector which we are currently facing.

Firstly, we need to understand what is meant by health system. The health system does not only include hospitals and clinicians. It rather involves anything and everything which directly or indirectly affects the health of populations. The health system is composed of hospitals, environment, urban planning, food, nutrition and numerous other sectors which are directly or indirectly involved in determining the health of populations. What this means is the fact that by merely building new hospitals and producing more clinicians, we cannot make our health systems better. There has to be a multi- approach which needs to involve all the components of the health system.

The next and the most important factor to consider is that we need to reshape our current health system model. If we want to improve the health status of our population, we have to base our health system on the preventive approach rather than the curative approach, that is, we need to promote public health. The time has now come where we must come out of the downstream (clinician) approach and move towards upstream (public health) approach. This is the only way by which we can survive and can make the health status of our population better. We should reconsider and amend our current health policy and we will have to develop it on the model of public health. This is the need of the time and if we want to survive and compete with the world, we must follow the public health model instead of the clinician’s model.


Properly groomed Pets

An animal that is not properly groomed will be dirty and smelly. Keeping an animal’s coat well combed will make them more comfortable dog grooming in the summer and help them stay warmer in the winter. Long nails can also be uncomfortable so it is important to keep after them even if the animal protests.

Written by John Collins of Clipper Center, your complete clipper repair, sales, sharpening, parts and service center for the professional tools of your trade. See our full line of pet grooming clippers and shears at Pet Grooming Clippers and Pet Grooming Shears. Clipper Center is a 40 year old Factory trained and authorized Warranty Service Center that understands the need for service and sharpening, long after your initial purchase.

Home pet grooming can be a harrowing experience for both animal and owner. The activity stresses out some dogs and cats and, as such, they behave differently when they are getting a bath or having their nails clipped. They may snip or bite at the pet groomer even if they familiar with the human grooming them. A loving, docile pet can become all teeth and nails if they do not want to be groomed. The best, most humane way to protect both human and animal during pet grooming is to use a muzzle. Though some people think that a muzzle is cruel, it can keep the animal restrained and stop them from possibly doing harm.

A muzzle fits around the dog’s mouth and is secured around the back of the head with ties or straps. Pet grooming experts agree that the animal feels no discomfort when wearing the muzzle. It leaves enough room for the pet to breathe and at the same time restricts the animal from biting. Muzzles are made in many different sizes. Even small dogs with tiny mouths can inflict a nasty wound. There are no muzzles for cats but there are “head bag” contraptions that fit over the entire head, restricting biting. Pet grooming experts say that the bag is thin enough for the cat to breathe, but will keep the animal from biting the groomer.

There are many styles of muzzles the home pet groomer or pet grooming expert can use. The most popular one is called the softie. The softie is made of a pliable, soft, but resistant material that gives your dog the ultimate comfort as they are being groomed. The DuPont fabric is tear-resistant and durable, able to hold up during any pet grooming experience. It is stain resistant and can be machine washed. If you are grooming several dogs in succession, it is wise to wash the softie between dogs or to use another muzzle so diseases or bacteria will not be passed on.


Smart Tips To Pull Off Successful Special Events Planning

When it comes to planning for special events, many people really struggle just to make sure that the event will be successful. It can really be stressful to do all these tasks especially if you do not have any experience in event planning before. As what experts say, you have to start with finding the perfect place for the special event. And once you have already found the place, it’s time to move on to the next step. Check out some smart tips to pull off successful special events planning below.

– Always be approachable and build a relationship with the staff of the hotel or resort you have chosen as the venue for the event. If you regularly organize and conduct events, developing a healthy working relationship with the hotel staff can go a long way. Be respectful and courteous to the hotel staff and they will reward you with a few perks. Additionally, cultivating good working relationships with these people can help them meet the requirements you set and minimize common hassles associated with holding large events.

– Meet other people who might be a big help in your planning. Once you have established a good working relationship with key personnel in the hotel, it would be beneficial to widen your network and get introduced to the people you are going to work with for your events. Take note that hotel staff work in shifts and the person who you talk to may not necessarily be the one handling the tasks for your events. Make sure that these tasks are properly endorsed.

– Check the venue personally. One common mistake new event organizers make is to simply rely on the specs given by the hotel with regards to the venue. During the planning and preparation stage, make sure that you personally check the venue and take note of what it offers as well as some of its limitations. This will allow you to work out solutions well ahead of time and avoid serious headaches on the event day itself.

– Give your people time to setup everything. Be sure to talk first with your vendors about their setup requirements. Sometimes, vendors need a lot of time to set up and the hotel should be properly informed on these matters. Often, a venue may be booked before your event, leaving little room for your vendors to set up. Being aware of these and informing the hotel staff will allow you to come up with another option to work around just in case plan A does not work. For more information and tips about this



Physician’s Salary – What is It?

In this new era                      of specialists, it’s getting harder and harder to find a doctor with a family practice. You know him – he’s the guy from years gone by who took care of your kids and gave you a check up when you needed it as well. You knew him on a first name basis and his phone number was always written next to the refrigerator. If you’re lucky, this is not just a fond memory. But for many people these days, having a general primary physician is something they’ve never known.

Even in Massachusetts, which has the highest ratio of physicians to patients in the entire country, people are having a hard time finding one who is accepting new patients. Is this the reality of modern day insurance and health maintenance   Of course, the numbers aren’t terrible. Even in that state, a full 60 percent of physicians were still accepting new patients. But that still means a full 40 percent of physicians have closed their books, having filled up their slate. Where are the others? Where are the new physicians, having completed their residencies and ready to set up their shop?

The problem is that many young physicians are choosing to go into  , rather than become primary care physicians. The national average percentage of specialists has risen to 64% in recent years, and the number is expected to continue climbing. Part of the issue is money. There is often a higher potential for a big salary in some of the   and this can look especially attractive to an individual who is probably going to be carrying around some massive student loans for the first half of his or her career. The other issue is the insurance companies. Without some major reform, students are going to continue avoiding the primary care field. The job entails enormous amounts of paperwork and red tape and few see any remedy for that in the new health care reforms coming down the pike.

So is this the end of the road for a Dr Family Practice? With hospitals taking over control of much of the emergency care and insurance companies causing the decline of new students going into the field, it very well could be. This is a shame, not just for nostalgic reasons but because the primary care physician is important for preventative medicine. Without them, people go to the doctor only when they are sick. This creates an additional burden on the health care industry. It’s not difficult to see that something needs to change.


Tips to Designing an Award Winning Exhibition Stand

Taking part in an exhibition can be exceptionally beneficial and rewarding for your business. This is an opportunity to increase your brand visibility, promote a professional image and target your potential customer base. This means that you need an award winning exhibition stand, enabling you to stand out above the other stands and really dominate your industry at events throughout the world.

There are a number of important factors that you need to take into consideration when it comes to designing an exhibition stand to ensure that you make the best decisions to really make that impact and statement and ensure that you draw people to your stand throughout the event.

The first thing you will need to do is establish your goals. Identify what you want to achieve by taking part in the exhibition. Do you want to promote a new product or service? Do you want to increase your customer base? Do you want to sell more products? Do you want to improve your brand visibility? Do you want to achieve all of this and more? Knowing what you hope to achieve is the first step to creating award winning exhibition stands that will make the statement you want to make while helping you achieve your goals moving forward.

Know your target audience. Before you can begin any design process you need to know what will and what won’t appeal to your particular audience. Bear in mind that if you are focusing on an older audience, you will want to keep your design simple and to the point, where with a younger audience, you may want to incorporate technology, tablets and other devices that they will relate to. The aim is to attract them to your booth and then keep them there so they can learn more about your company and the products and services that you provide.

Make use of the space you have available to you. Whether you have chosen a small or large stand, you want to make as much use of the available space as possible without compromising too much on floor space. If you want to welcome potential customers into your stand where they can have a look around, ensure you have enough floor space to accommodate a number of customers and team members at any given time. Consider a tower in the middle with video screens to catch the customer’s attention or focus on something minimalistic with some tables and chairs where your team can sit with potential customers and tell them more about the company and what you do.

Your award winning exhibition stand should be branded. This means showcasing your company name and logo, but also focusing on a short message that is going to grab your customer’s attention. Don’t look at long winded and full sentences, think of a few words that is going to enable your customers to immediately identify what you do and if this is something they are interested in or want to learn more about.


Wannabe Sports Medicine Physicians – How To Become One

Who is a sports                      medicine physician? What does he or she do exactly? These are questions which are on the minds of many people who have recently heard of the term sports medicine physician. To become a sports medicine doctor one has to first be a physician and then undergo special training in sports medicine. Here the doctor concentrates on the long term health and fitness of his patients by helping them to overcome illness and injuries.

The main job of a sports physician is to help his patients to function at their peak level and prevent any untoward setbacks in their physical health which can affect their sports, school and working life.

These   doctors do not concentrate only on sportspeople and athletes but also people who take up training programs just to keep fit. What exactly does a sports medicine physician play in a person?s life? What qualifications are necessary for someone to become one?

A sports medicine physician doubles up not only as a general physician but also incorporates sports medicine into his treatment procedures so as to help prevent illness and help maintain perfect health of his clients.

Normally in any sports there is a team of doctors catering to the needs of the players and it is the sports medicine physician who normally heads the team of doctors. This team can be made of specialists in surgical procedures, sports trainers, therapists, coaches and others. All of them are experienced professionals who could have   in any one of the following fields like family practice, Emergency medicine,  internal medicine, rehabilitation and Physical medicine.

You will find that all sports medicine physicians would have completed an additional 1-2 years training in   subjects in sports medicine through fellowship programs which are accredited. After having completed their certificate in areas like Internal medicine, Family Practice,   or Emergency medicine, these professionals then become eligible to take up another special examination to qualify in the field of sports medicine.
These sports physicians then work to obtain more training in non-musculoskeletal areas like head injuries and their treatments, treating athletes with chronic illness like asthma and diabetes, in aspects of supplements, nutrition and performance based issues, and prevention of injuries.

Now having learnt what exactly a sports medicine physician does when it comes to treating in sports medicine the next step is to search for a qualified person in the field of sports medicine.

The best way to find a capable and qualified person in this field is through referrals. Seek the help of your family doctor, friends and those working along with you as they would provide the best advice. You can also take the help from athletes when searching for a good sports medicine physician.




Jobs for Internal Medicine and Family Practice

Doctors that                     in and practice internal medicine are called internists. It is a that deals with the diagnosis, management and non-surgical care and treatment of atypical or serious diseases. It has been indicated by physician recruitment firms that there is a high demand for internal medicine care providers as well as family medicine care providers, thus resulting in the rise in these jobs.

The population growth in urban, suburban and rural areas has been a factor in the demand for internists. There are more people that need medical care. Family physicians and other types of doctors have started to rely more on them due to the high demand of primary care. The need for the care of elderly people is another reason why these jobs are on the rise. Elderly people require diagnosis and treatment of conditions that internal medicine doctors have   in.

Family medicine is a medical discipline that deals with providing comprehensive medical care to patients of all ages. Physicians who practice this   need to be up-to-date on a broad range of disorders. They are primary care doctors whose main focus is preventative care as well as the promotion of overall health and well-being.

To become a doctor of internal medicine, one must:
Earn a high school diploma.

Attend college or university to earn a bachelor’s degree. Many people who want to become internists take courses in physics, biology,  and chemistry.

Register for and take the   exams. All medical schools will require the results of the test during the application process.

Apply for and submit the application to a medical school after receiving the   results.

Apply for and take the medical licensing exam. This has to be taken after medical school and before starting residency.

Apply for and complete a residency which can last up to 6 years. This is required of all doctors of medicine.

Look for a position in internal medicine.

To get family practice jobs, a physician must have a Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree. They must complete their undergraduate education, medical school and a family medicine residency. Family practice physicians also need to be aware of all the advancements made in their field and need to complete their education with experience over the years.




LED: More Technical Details on LED Lighting Solutions

If you know much about LED lights then you know that they are typically built upon an n-type substrate. On the surface of the device, the electrode is attached to the p-type layer.

Often, commercial LED lights also include some kind of substrate of sapphire. A scientist in LED research must always remember that when the refractive index of materials is not properly paired with the index of the semiconductor there is a chance of increased heat and, of course, potential danger. This is actually the exact opposite of one of the major benefits of LED lighting, that being that they do not retain or give off heat despite the generation of light. However, any potential dangers can be remedied simply by assuring that the basic scientific functions are executed properly in the design of each LED unit.

There have been many developments, experiments, and research done on the production and benefits of LED lighting. The semiconductor – device sends charges of incoherent narrow – spectrum light. LED lighting therefore emits a particular form of electroluminescence that can, theoretically, be easily utilized an alternative light source. The semiconducting chip of an LED light is of course, cased in solid plastic in the form of a lens – a very effective and very strong. Making LED lighting one of the safest kinds of bulb – lighting.

The development of LED began with the introduction of lighting devices and with gallium arsenide – particularly for infrared and red lighting purposes. Of course, LED lighting had a great beginning, already useful for things such as Christmas trees and theatrical lighting (being that they can be used in several colors.) However, the research and development of LED lighting has since grown and will continue to grow.

More advanced and especially more complex LED’s are those being created in ultraviolet, blue and even white shades. For example: an ultraviolet GaN LED,Blue type of LED uses a wide band gap semiconductor in GaN as well as InGaN (indium gallium nitrate). The concept was there, however, it was not until 1993 that high brightness of blue LED lighting was possible thanks to the work of a man named Shuji Nakamura from the Nicha Corporation.

White LED lights can be created in more than one way. For example: As I mentioned, most LED white lights are based on InGaN and GaN structural designs. These lights are said to be capable of emitting bluish light wavelengths between 450 nm and 470 nm blue from the GaN.

The GaN/InGaN lights usually use a yellowish colored phosphor coating of cerium – doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Ce3+:YAG). The Ce3+YAG crystals are considered a scintillator as opposed to a phosphor. Because yellow light acts to stimulate the red and green light receptors of someone’s eye, the appearance of white actually comes from the presence of the mix of the yellow and blue. The white light resulting from this is a shade of white often referred to as “lunar white” by people in and outside of the industry.

The overall spectrum of a white LED light will distinctly show that it comes directly from a GaN-based LED and can peak at about 465 nanometers. When more broad – strokes of shifted light emitted by the elements of Ce3+YAG phosphor the light emitted can be extended to between 500 and 700 nanometers. In manufacturing, the LED’s must be properly sorted during the process by their own particular characteristics because of the spectral characteristics of the diode.



Replace Your Car Bulbs With Car LED Bulbs

The world of LEDs is different and unique. It is rapidly becoming a part of our worlds too. Let’s find what LEDs are and what are they doing to charm our attention away from ordinary bulbs. A LED bulb is a bulb in solid state which has light emitting diodes for a source of light. Being static sensitive devices, these should be handLED with a wrist strap

Using LED bulbs for car lights is the in thing now-a-days. To form LEDs, keep them bent at 3 mm at the base of the LED.

As the light output of individual diodes emitting light are smaller when compared to the incandescent as well as lamps that are fluorescent with the use of multiple diodes together. Recent times have seen the rise in quality of diode technology, improving the lumen capacity enabling the replacing of other car lamps with diode LED bulbs. A single LED chip uses and emits 7,550 lumens of brightness. This brightness is emitted with the use of 100 watts. Also LED lamps are interchangeable with other car lamps.

The LED bulb diodes use DC current and have internal circuits to enable operating from AC voltages. At a higher temperature, LEDs are prone to damage. Therefore, LEDs are inclusive of heat managing elements like heat sinks and cooling fins. These offer longer life, high energy efficiency, with high initial costs compared to fluorescent lamps.

To use them most prolifically, when you are forming LEDs, keep the leads bent at a point of 3 mm of the base of the LED. You can avoid damage to LEDs with the use of soldering iron at 700°. This is applicable to LED components and not to LED bulbs.

Usually LED bulb products have resistors built in for operating at its rated voltage. Therefore, LED bulbs are a total complete system with LEDs with LED drivers/resistors, as well as housing. Never use LEDS without a series based voltage limiting resistor. While the forward usable voltage rating is an ideal number and can be different from part to part. Therefore, some LEDS may work fine with a connection to battery with the right voltage. While, others parts will be over-ridden and get destroyed. It is important to use resistors with LEDS.

To get white light from LEDs, the red, blue and green colors have to be mixed to arrive at the white light. Another method to convert to white light is to use phosphor which absorbs some of the colors and emits a broad spectrum white light. Here a short light with mainly blue color light is used and the phosphor absorbs the blue rays and let’s emit white spectrum. The LED bulbs usually use more than 3 strings of leads and require more in bulbs to emit a strong enough light for illuminating and serve the purpose of car lights.



LED Lighting Advances in the Aquarium Industry

Although many saltwater aquarium hobbyists have depended for years on fluorescent or Metal Halide bulbs for their main source of lighting, these old staples are taking a back seat to LED (Light Emitting Diode) systems, both because of the LED bulbs’ energy operating savings and the many choices of lighting spectrums available infohatworld

What’s So Great About LED Aquarium Lighting?

The primary characteristics making LED lighting so popular are their long life and the much smaller amount of energy used in lighting up LEDs. Although they can cost a lot more up front, an LED bulb for a saltwater aquarium can last up to five years or 50,000 hours in the right circumstances, and they use a tiny amount of energy compared to an incandescent or fluorescent bulb.

Also, unlike fluorescent or metal halide bulbs, LED bulbs do not use mercury as a key component for operation. Another advantage to LED lighting is that it produces less heat, making it easier to control the amount of heat released into your covered aquarium. However, the presence of excessive heat can reduce the lifespan of your LED bulb, so avoid marine aquarium lighting systems that place the much hotter running fluorescent or Metal Halide bulbs next to LED bulbs.

LED lighting has the added benefit of being able to dim the lights easily. Some LED systems come with automatic timers that automatically brighten or dim your bulbs depending on what time of the day it is. In fact, LED lighting can mimic natural sunlight, making your saltwater aquarium appear to be even more like a slice of the ocean.

Add LED Lighting to Your Aquarium for the Best Show in the House

When LED bulbs first became available in the aquarium trade, about the only color you could get was white, and the LEDs were used mainly to provide a moonlit mood in aquariums. Today, the LED has advanced to the point that you can buy bulbs in every spectrum you can imagine, from red to yellow to blue. These choices mean you can light up your aquarium to match your décor, or create a spectacularly lit centerpiece for your room.

LEDs have also advanced to the point that they are bright enough to create a high output source of light equivalent to Metal Halide. In fact, LED lighting has proven very effective in the raising of corals in a reef saltwater aquarium setting. Plus, the different spectrums available in LED bulbs allow you to experiment and find just the right color combinations to bring out the beauty of your corals and fish.

LED lighting has proven very effective in the raising of corals in a reef saltwater aquarium setting. However, if you decide to use LED lighting to raise coral, pay attention to the fact that LED bulbs can produce a very intense light. To avoid bleaching your coral, you should gradually introduce them to this new source of lighting.