Advances in technology have made it more possible to nearly capture all of the properties of a mined diamond. With the use of hi-tech procedures, synthetic diamonds – also known as manufactured or man-made diamonds – now have almost the same qualities as the real stones and can possibly fool the untrained eye.
Women who love the look of this but do not want to spend too much opt for synthetic diamonds. These are processed from carbon crystal just as mined are but because it doesn’t take years for them to form, they cost a mere fraction of the price of natural.
Another advantage to the technique of producing synthetic diamonds is its contribution to the manufacturing industry. They have traditionally been used as drill bits or embedded in saw blades for cutting extremely hard elements. Since mined diamonds are dreadfully expensive and hard to come by, the advent of synthetic has made it possible to cut costs in manufacturing.
Synthetic are likewise used in the fields of medicine and electronics. They are extensively used for cutting, grinding, polishing, and drilling. Their hardness approximates that of this and they have managed to pass stringent quality assurance testing.
Before synthetic were invented in the 1950s, they were used for industrial purposes were the bort, or stones that could not pass as gemstones. Actually, it didn’t matter that they were inferior in color and clarity, as these were not necessary for their industrial use. What was important were their heat conductivity and hardness.
How synthetic diamonds are made
There are two general procedures for producing synthetic diamonds. One is the high pressure, high temperature (HPHT) method, which is favored for its low cost. Its aim is to come to a pressure of 5 GPa and a temperature of as high as 1,500 degrees Centigrade to try to duplicate the conditions that bring about the formation of a mined diamond.
The other method is called chemical vapor deposition of diamond (CVD) and produces synthetic diamonds by making it possible for the carbon atoms in gases to come to rest on a substrate. This substrate has to be in the form of a crystalline. The CVD method can be manipulated to control the desired properties one wishes to have in a synthetic diamond.